20.9 Properties, Synthesis, and Reactions of Carboxylic Acids

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    Properties of Carboxylic Acids

    -Acidity (typical pKa ~4-5)
    -Unusually high boiling points

    boiling points of carboxylic acids 01
    properties of carboxylic acids 02

    Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids

    SUMMARY OF SYNTHESIS OF CARBOXYLIC ACIDS
    Ozonolysis of Alkenes under Oxidizing Conditions
    Ozonolysis of Alkynes
    Chromic Acid Oxidation of 1° Alcohols and Aldehydes
    Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation of Aldehydes
    Side-Chain Oxidation of Benzenes
    Hydrolysis of Nitriles
    Grignard Addition to CO2

    Reactions of Carboxylic Acids

    Interconversion of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

    reactions of carboxylic acids interconversion of carboxylic acid derivatives

    Hydride Reduction

    LiAlH4 reduction of carboxylic acids
    borane reduction of carboxylic acids