22.1 Naming Amines

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Classification of Amines

ammonia
primary amine
secondary amine
tertiary amine
primary amine example
secondary amine example
tertiary amine example
NOMENCLATURE OF AMINES
Main Functional Group 1. Identify longest continuous carbon chain the N is attached to.
2. Number to give the N the lowest possible number.
3. Use N- as chain locator for substituents attached to nitrogen.
4. Use -amine suffix at the end of the parent chain and appropriate chain locator.
Simple Amines Named alkylamine (1°), alkylalkylamine(2°), or alkylalkylalkylamine (3°)
As a Substituent Referred to as “amino” with appropriate chain locator

Name the following:

1-propanamine
N,N,3-trimethylbutane
3-aminopropanoic acid