20.1 Naming Carboxylic Acids and Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

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NOMENCLATURE OF CARBOXYLIC ACIDS AND DERIVATIVES
Carboxylic Acids
1. Identify parent chain
2. Use -oic acid suffix

If directly attached to ring
1. Use ring as parent chain
2. Use -carboxylic acid as suffix
Acid Anhydrides
1st word = alkanoic
2nd word = alkanoic
3rd word = anhydride
1st and 2nd words in alphabetical order

If symmetrical
1st word = alkanoic
2nd word = anhydride
Esters
1st word = alkyl (on non-carboxyl side of O)
2nd word = full name of carboxylate
Acid Halides
1. Identify parent chain
2. Use -oyl chloride / -oyl bromide suffix
Amides
1. Identify parent chain
2. Use -amide suffix
3. Use N- as chain locator for substituents attached to nitrogen
Nitriles
1. Identify parent chain
2. Use -nitrile suffix