16.2 Naming Alkanes

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naming alkanes 01
RULES FOR NAMING ALKANES
1 Identify the longest continuous carbon chain (a.k.a the parent chain).
2 Number the carbons in the parent chain starting on the end closest to the first substituent.
3 Identify the substituents attached to the parent chain. Carbon substituents end with the suffix -yl (methyl, ethyl, propyl, etc.).
     -For multiple identical substituents use the prefix di-, tri-, tetra- etc.
     -Use the chain number (and a hyphen) as the locator before each substituent.
     -For multiple identical substituents list all chain locators separated by commas.
4 List substituents in alphabetical order. In determining alphabetical order ignore numerical prefixes (di, tri, tetra, etc.).
     -Use the chain number (and a hyphen) as the locator before each substituent.
     -For multiple identical substituents use the prefixes di-, tri-, tetra- etc.
     -For multiple identical substituents list all chain locators separated by commas.
5 The name ends with the name of the parent chain. There should NOT be a space between the substituents and the name of the parent chain. Cyclic parent chains use the prefix cyclo-.
Prefixes
1 meth
2 eth
3 prop
4 but
5 pent
6 hex
7 hept
8 oct
9 non
10 dec
11 undec
12 dodec

Name the following alkanes:

naming alkanes 02
naming alkanes 03