16.3 Functional Groups

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NOMENCLATURE OF COMMON FUNCTIONAL GROUPS
Functional Group Example Suffix
(Prefix)
Name
Alkene -ene 1-butene
Alkyne -yne 1-butyne
Alkyl Halide Prefix
halo-
1-chloropropane
Alcohol -ol 1-propanol
Carboxylic Acid -oic
acid
propanoic acid
Aldehyde -al propanal
Ketone -one 2-propanone
Amine -amine 1-propanamine
Amide -amide propanamide
Ester -oate ethyl
propanoate