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[snappyHexMesh] Add Mesh Layers doesnt work on the whole surface 

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September 10, 2012, 06:13 
Add Mesh Layers doesnt work on the whole surface

#1 
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Hello,
I just tried to make a simple mesh with snappyHexMesh, and everything worked quite well so far. But now I am at a point, where I cannot find a solution to my current problem. I got a simple "rocket" which exists of a cylinder and a cone as tip and rear. When creating the mesh it adds the layers on the surface correctly, but only on the cylindrical part. you can find a screenshot here: https://dl.dropbox.com/u/3545765/layersproblem.png as you see the layers stop at the edge, same on the tip and rear side. my snappyhexmeshdict as follows: Code:
addLayersControls { relativeSizes true; layers { rocketbody_rocketbodysurf { nSurfaceLayers 20; } } expansionRatio 1.1; finalLayerThickness 1e1; minThickness 1e10; nGrow 1; featureAngle 310; nRelaxIter 3; nSmoothSurfaceNormals 1; nSmoothNormals 3; nSmoothThickness 10; maxFaceThicknessRatio 0.5; maxThicknessToMedialRatio 0.3; minMedianAxisAngle 180; nBufferCellsNoExtrude 0; nLayerIter 1500; } Anyone any ideas? Thanks in advance! EDIT: maybe the output would also be interesting: Code:
Shrinking and layer addition phase  Using mesh parameters { maxNonOrtho 180; maxBoundarySkewness 20; maxInternalSkewness 4; maxConcave 180; minVol 1e13; minTetQuality 1e30; minArea 1; minTwist 0.02; minDeterminant 0.001; minFaceWeight 0.02; minVolRatio 0.01; minTriangleTwist 1; nSmoothScale 4; errorReduction 0.75; } Merging all faces of a cell   which are on the same patch  which make an angle < 310 degrees (cos:0.642788)  as long as the resulting face doesn't become concave by more than 90 degrees (0=straight, 180=fully concave) Merging 0 sets of faces. No faces merged ... Merging all points on surface that  are used by only two boundary faces and  make an angle with a cosine of more than 0.642788. No straight edges simplified and no points removed ... Checking mesh manifoldness ... Checking initial mesh ... Checking faces in error : faces with face pyramid volume < 1e13 : 0 faces with facedecomposition tet quality < 1e30 : 0 faces with skewness > 4 (internal) or 20 (boundary) : 0 faces with interpolation weights (0..1) < 0.02 : 0 faces with volume ratio of neighbour cells < 0.01 : 0 faces with face twist < 0.02 : 0 faces on cells with determinant < 0.001 : 0 Detected 0 illegal faces (concave, zero area or negative cell pyramid volume) Adding in total 0 interprocessor patches to handle extrusion of nonmanifold processor boundaries. Constructing mesh displacer ... Handling points with inconsistent layer specification ... Handling nonmanifold points ... Checking patch manifoldness ... Outside of local patch is multiply connected across edges or points at 0 points. Set displacement to zero for all 0 nonmanifold points Handling feature edges ... Handling cells with warped patch faces ... Set displacement to zero on 0 warped faces since layer would be > 0.5 of the size of the bounding box. Growing nonextrusion points by one layer ... Set displacement to zero for an additional 0 points. patch faces layers avg thickness[m] nearwall overall      rocketbody_rocketbodysurf 4536 20 0.00511 0.293 medialAxisSmoothingInfo : Calculate distance to Medial Axis ... shrinkMeshDistance : Smoothing normals ... Iteration 0 residual 0.0105 shrinkMeshDistance : Smoothing normals ... shrinkMeshDistance : Smoothing normals in interior ... Iteration 0 residual 0.0632 Layer addition iteration 0  Prevented extrusion on 0 coupled patch points during syncPatchDisplacement. Determining displacement for added points according to pointNormal ... Prevented extrusion on 0 coupled patch points during syncPatchDisplacement. shrinkMeshMedialDistance : Smoothing using Medial Axis ... shrinkMeshMedialDistance : Reduce layer thickness at 0 nodes where thickness to medial axis distance is large shrinkMeshDistance : Removing isolated regions ... Number isolated points extrusion stopped : 0 shrinkMeshDistance : Smoothing field ... Iteration 0 residual 9.04e05 shrinkMeshMedialDistance : Moving mesh ... Iteration 0 Moving mesh using diplacement scaling : min:1 max:1 Checking faces in error : faces with face pyramid volume < 1e13 : 0 faces with facedecomposition tet quality < 1e30 : 0 faces with skewness > 4 (internal) or 20 (boundary) : 0 faces with interpolation weights (0..1) < 0.02 : 0 faces with volume ratio of neighbour cells < 0.01 : 0 faces with face twist < 0.02 : 0 faces on cells with determinant < 0.001 : 0 shrinkMeshMedialDistance : Successfully moved mesh shrinkMeshMedialDistance : Finished moving mesh ... Prevented extrusion on 0 coupled patch points during syncPatchDisplacement. truncateDisplacement : Unextruded 0 faces due to nonconsecutive vertices being extruded. truncateDisplacement : Unextruded 0 faces due to stringed edges with inconsistent extrusion. Setting up information for layer truncation ... Checking mesh with layer ... Checking faces in error : faces with face pyramid volume < 1e13 : 0 faces with facedecomposition tet quality < 1e30 : 3588 faces with skewness > 4 (internal) or 20 (boundary) : 0 faces with interpolation weights (0..1) < 0.02 : 0 faces with volume ratio of neighbour cells < 0.01 : 0 faces with face twist < 0.02 : 0 faces on cells with determinant < 0.001 : 0 Detected 3588 illegal faces (concave, zero area or negative cell pyramid volume) Extruding 4016 out of 4536 faces (88.5%). Removed extrusion at 302 faces. Growing nonextrusion points by one layer ... Set displacement to zero for an additional 198 points. Layer addition iteration 1  Prevented extrusion on 0 coupled patch points during syncPatchDisplacement. Determining displacement for added points according to pointNormal ... Prevented extrusion on 0 coupled patch points during syncPatchDisplacement. shrinkMeshMedialDistance : Smoothing using Medial Axis ... shrinkMeshMedialDistance : Reduce layer thickness at 0 nodes where thickness to medial axis distance is large shrinkMeshDistance : Removing isolated regions ... Number isolated points extrusion stopped : 9 shrinkMeshDistance : Smoothing field ... Iteration 0 residual 0.00104 shrinkMeshMedialDistance : Moving mesh ... Iteration 0 Moving mesh using diplacement scaling : min:1 max:1 Checking faces in error : faces with face pyramid volume < 1e13 : 0 faces with facedecomposition tet quality < 1e30 : 0 faces with skewness > 4 (internal) or 20 (boundary) : 0 faces with interpolation weights (0..1) < 0.02 : 0 faces with volume ratio of neighbour cells < 0.01 : 0 faces with face twist < 0.02 : 0 faces on cells with determinant < 0.001 : 0 shrinkMeshMedialDistance : Successfully moved mesh shrinkMeshMedialDistance : Finished moving mesh ... Prevented extrusion on 0 coupled patch points during syncPatchDisplacement. truncateDisplacement : Unextruded 0 faces due to nonconsecutive vertices being extruded. truncateDisplacement : Unextruded 0 faces due to stringed edges with inconsistent extrusion. Setting up information for layer truncation ... Checking mesh with layer ... Checking faces in error : faces with face pyramid volume < 1e13 : 0 faces with facedecomposition tet quality < 1e30 : 0 faces with skewness > 4 (internal) or 20 (boundary) : 0 faces with interpolation weights (0..1) < 0.02 : 0 faces with volume ratio of neighbour cells < 0.01 : 0 faces with face twist < 0.02 : 0 faces on cells with determinant < 0.001 : 0 Detected 0 illegal faces (concave, zero area or negative cell pyramid volume) Extruding 3736 out of 4536 faces (82.4%). Removed extrusion at 0 faces. Edge intersection testing: Number of edges : 339036 Number of edges to retest : 0 Number of intersected edges : 60289 Writing 55752 added cells to cellSet addedCells Writing 52016 faces inside added layer to faceSet layerFaces Layer mesh : cells:109064 faces:339036 points:121291 Cells per refinement level: 0 7568 1 2456 2 6988 3 7552 4 2780 5 8004 6 73716 Writing mesh to time 3e07 Wrote mesh in = 5.26 s. Layers added in = 5.26 s. Finished meshing in = 12.6 s. End Last edited by Kryo; September 10, 2012 at 06:34. 

September 11, 2012, 03:22 

#2 
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Jane L
Join Date: May 2012
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For my current project, I can control that kind of proplem with the following options
resolveFeatureAngle 180; featureAngle 180; I don't know for sure if it helps because you have allready a tall number for featureAngle good luck! 

September 11, 2012, 05:47 

#3  
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The featureAngle should be fine, though any number beyond 180 should make no difference than using 180.
but lets have a look at the output: Quote:
Code:
minTetQuality 1e30; Also I highly recommend to reduce the "nLayerIter" to a reasonable number, i.e. 10. Else SHM may get stuck in iterating if it fails to meet your quality settings. Better check the output to see if it does converge. If you want the furthest layer cell to be of equal thickness to the surrounding mesh (finalLayerThickness 1;), then use the following: Code:
... nSmoothSurfaceNormals 50; nSmoothNormals 50; nSmoothThickness 100; maxFaceThicknessRatio 0.8; maxThicknessToMedialRatio 0.9; ... Greetings, Jan
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September 11, 2012, 16:37 

#4 
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thanks a lot SirWombat, that did actually help now nearly all parts of the surface have the layer
Now I can start running some solvers, and see what problems that will bringt forth :P 

September 13, 2012, 05:32 

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Eloïse
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Hi Jan,
Could you develop a bit about the reason why you recommend those parameters? What is their actual effect on the layers? This would be great help! Regards, Eloïse Quote:


September 13, 2012, 05:50 

#6 
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Hi Eloïse,
it's just what I've been experimenting with and found it to be most suitable for smooth geometries. But I'll try to give an answer anyway: the smoothingparameters should be clear .. they smooth the "layersurface", which consist of all faces between the added layers and the rest of the mesh. The maxFaceThicknessRatio in combination with maxThicknessToMedialRatio have a strong influence on how thick those layercells get in relation to surrounding layer cells, especially towards to the end/edge of the added layer region. If you would like to experiment yourself then switch off all quality controls and try some variations on those "addLayer"parameters. Do this on a small and simple mesh so to get a fast result. You will find it to be enlightening! G Jan
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September 13, 2012, 06:08 

#7 
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well here I am again. Its not quite fitting to the thread title, but I didnt want to open another one.
The calculation is now working fine, but now I wanted to ask, is there no adaptive mesh refinement utility in OpenFoam? I am using sonicFoam with Mach 1.6, and have compression shocks, where I would like to refine the mesh automatically where there is a high pressure gradient. But google didnt help me 

September 13, 2012, 06:44 

#8 
Member

sorry I cannot help you with that topic but google "openfoam adaptive mesh refinement" and have a look at the first result: Chalmers compiled a new solver including AMR ... maybe there's a way to do that with sonicFoam as well ...
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September 13, 2012, 09:28 

#9 
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so there is no way other than coding something like that myself?


June 29, 2018, 02:44 
addLayers

#10 
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rajat tripathi
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I am facing issues with addLayers. Is anyone out there?


March 7, 2020, 16:47 

#11  
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Ali Shayegh
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Quote:
Do you know what does minTetQuality mathematically mean? May turning it off produce negative volume cells? Thanks. Ali 

March 10, 2020, 03:27 

#12 
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Hello,
You can have a nice description of the mesh quality criteria on this pdf : https://openfoamwiki.net/images/f/f0...SlidesOFW7.pdf  slide 54 for minTetQuality In my case I have got negative minTetVolume but it does not produce negative volume. I think it is related to the direction of the three vectors (slide 54) that characterized the cell. Cheers 

March 11, 2020, 16:16 

#13  
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Ali Shayegh
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Quote:
Referring to the slide that you have mentioned, since cr is always positive, there is only one possibility that can cause negative minTetQuality, namely negative tv; But when it happens? Since the angle between a and b is always < 180 (this angle is one of the three angles of a triangle), there remains only one possibility for minTetQualituy to be negative, that is, Angle between axb and c > 90. Here we must know how OpenFOAM selects a and b.
Thank you, Ali Last edited by amuzeshi; March 11, 2020 at 22:42. 

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